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TPACK: Explained

TPACK stands for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. It is a framework that describes the knowledge and skills that a teacher needs in order to effectively integrate technology into the classroom. The TPACK framework proposes that effective use of technology in education requires a combination of three types of knowledge: Technological knowledge: understanding of the technology itself and how it can be used. Pedagogical knowledge: understanding of how to teach and how to design instruction. Content knowledge: understanding of the subject matter that is

Artificial Intelligence (AI): Explained

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that deals with the creation of intelligent machines that work and learn like humans. The goal of AI research is to develop systems that can perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation. There are several subfields within AI, including: Machine learning: This involves the development of algorithms that can learn from data and make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed. Natural

Design Science Research Methodology

A methodology is a set of principles, procedures, and techniques that are used to guide a research project or study. The methodology defines how the research will be conducted and provides a framework for collecting and analyzing data. Different fields of study may have different methodologies and different conventions for conducting research. Generally, the methodology can be split into two broad categories, quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Quantitative methodology: It emphasizes the use of numerical data and statistical analysis to understand the relationship

Pervasive Technology or Computing

The term “pervasive” is used to describe something that is present or prevalent everywhere, or throughout an entire area or group. Pervasive can also be used to describe a condition or influence that affects a large proportion of the population. In technology, Pervasive Computing, also known as ubiquitous computing, is the concept of a computing environment that surrounds and augments the human experience with technology. Pervasive computing systems include the integration of various computing devices and technologies, such as smartphones, smart

Parenting: Explained

Parenting is the process of raising and caring for a child from birth or adoption to adulthood. It involves providing for a child’s physical, emotional, social, and cognitive development, as well as instilling values and beliefs. The parenting process can be challenging and rewarding and can have a significant impact on a child’s life. There are many different styles of parenting, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. For example, some parents adopt a more authoritarian style, in which they set

Systematic Literature Review: Kitchenham

A systematic literature review is a type of research method that involves collecting and critically analyzing multiple published research sources on a specific topic. The goal of a systematic literature review is to provide a comprehensive and unbiased overview of the current state of knowledge on a given topic, while also identifying any gaps in the literature that may be worthy of further study. The process of conducting a systematic literature review typically begins with the development of a clear and

Solid Waste Management in Indonesia: An Overview

Garbage is one of the biggest problems that have brought its share of problems to the growing Indonesian population. As an Asian developing country suffers from this problem which leads the country to be considered as one of the countries that have the highest rate of solid waste (SW). Although there is no one great solution to solve all the problems instead of having multiple integrated solutions to solve the issues, the bottom line is there is always a possibility

Online Learning System with a Blended Approach for Upper Secondary Education System: An Overview

Online education is quickly becoming one of the main choices for higher-level education students as it conveys many advantages on a global scale. Universities have offered online courses because they can reach more students globally without having to resort to creating campuses all around the world. With the constant growth of information technology, technology for online education is becoming even more accessible for everyone. Locally, some universities have offered online courses, however, there is a distinct lack of online education

Mixed Reality System

The mixed reality system is under the umbrella of Extended Reality (XR). Other than MR, there are also Virtual Reality (VR), and Augmented Reality (AR). Virtual reality (VR) is a computer-simulated environment where people can interact with and within the system (Machover & Tice, 1997). (VR) is also a term for anything that seemingly replaces the reality that has been created digitally. The fully immersive VR uses a head-mounted display, a computer to create a 3D virtual environment, and a joystick

Mixed Reality System for Teaching and Learning

Education is one of the most important aspects of our lives. Education does not have any age boundaries as everybody has the freedom to learn at any age and at any time. The teaching methodology and strategies are improving rapidly over the last 2 decades because of the rapid development of technologies. One of the great technologies to support teaching and learning is mixed reality (MR). Mixed reality (MR) is one of the most recent innovations around extended reality. MR